Surrealist paintings from the 1920s and 1930s. The International Council of The Museum of Modern Art Exhibition Gallery, sixth floor . [1] Surrealism was an art and literary movement that utilized fantasy, myth, and dream imagery when creating art. Man Ray was a leading figure in the European and American avant-gardes of the 1920s and 1930s, including Dada and surrealism. One day, she escaped, and was The use of such procedures as double exposure, combination printing, montage, and solarization dramatically evoked the union of dream and reality. The dis­tort­ed, out-of focus images were made by shoot­ing into mir­rors and through rough glass. surrealism would be the primary inspiration for their writing. Nov 29, 2019 · Though she was not strictly a core member of the Surrealist group, she was an influential muse to Picasso and an artist moving in the same circles as the European avant-garde and those affiliated with Surrealism. ”. Works from the 1920s and 1930s from the Nationalgalerie. Surrealism began in Paris in the early 1920s, as Europe emerged from the devastation of World War I. “The exhibition of the season…. - Julian Trevelyan, The Potteries , 1938. This article will highlight surrealist Jul 20, 2021 · By the mid-1930s Schiaparelli had fully embraced an aesthetic that incorporated Surrealism—the art movement that had been popularized since the 1920s. Surrealist artists are concerned with creating works influenced by dreams and fantasies. May 24, 2019 · Surrealism, and its emphasis on the human psyche, developed in Europe in the mid-1920s and many Surrealist paintings were shown in New York galleries by the 1930s. A group of writers, artists, and filmmakers led by poet André Breton adopted the word surréaliste (meaning, roughly, "super-real") as a label for their artistic activities. The Surrealist movement began in Europe in the 1920’s as a reaction to the atrocities and of World War I and the cultural-political values of the time period. He was a prolific master illustrator of He moved closer to Surrealism in the late 1920s and joined the Surrealist group in 1929, soon becoming one of its leading exponents. Surrealist cinema is a modernist approach to film theory, criticism, and production, with origins in Paris in the 1920s. Most Famous Artworks. Thanks to Surrealism, Freud became popularized by the 1930s and his impact upon the artists in Paris in the 1920s. The art of the 1920’s was as much a reflection of post-war trauma as the faltering morality of the age. According to Lewis Kachur, from the early thirties onward, the main focus of surrealism shifted towards a search for “convulsive beauty” – a display of “the marvelous” – themes that later became the slogans for The Social Realist political movement and artistic explorations flourished primarily during the 1920s and 1930s, a time of global economic depression, heightened racial conflict, the rise of fascist regimes internationally, and great optimism after both the Mexican and Russian revolutions. In the upper right-hand corner of the painting, Loy depicts an armchair in the shape of a headless white woman’s body. Many Surrealist group exhibitions had preceded it, many would follow all over the world – from Tokyo to Mexico City; however, the one that took place at Galérie Beaux-Arts in Paris that year, was without a doubt the key exposition of the genre. Characteristics of Surrealist artwork include: Using the element of fantasy May 3, 2021 · Some of Picasso’s most well-known Surrealist paintings include The Sculptor (1931), Woman with Flower (1932), and Guernica (1937). In his rayographs, Ray created surreal, irrational combinations of objects and in doing so emphasised the abstraction of images. 15: 20th Century Modern Art Movements - Surrealism - Humanities LibreTexts Feb 24, 2021 · Surrealism came to the forefront in the 1920s cultural scene, bringing new forms of expression to poetry with authors like André Breton, whose Surrealist Manifesto appeared in 1924, Louis Aragon, Paul Éluard, and Robert Desnos. Find below a list of the most famous Surrealism paintings, covering the breadth of the movement, and a number of different artists. In the late 1920s, two chief influences emerged that Although the Surrealist movement faded away by the mid-1930s, Surrealist photography has had a surprising longevity. Painting since the 1930s, Gilot was highly influenced by Henri Matisse. org. Though Surrealism originated in France, strains of it can be identified in art throughout the world. Maruja Mallo (1902–1995), Galician Spanish avant-garde artist whose painting in the 1930s was influenced by Surrealism. Art Movements. His best-known work, The Persistence of Memory , was completed in August 1931, and is one of the most famous Surrealist paintings. Dec 10, 2021 · France. But the early 1930s saw the emergence of a new type of practice – the creation of the Surrealist object. Surrealist art became popular in the 1920s and 1930s, providing an escape from the world’s harsh realities, while symbolizing rebellion against rational thought, largely blamed for the tumultuous times of this era. Please note: artworks occasionally go off view for imaging, treatment, or loan to other institutions. surrealist materials were translated into Japanese by poets, critics, and artists. Joan Miró (1893–1983) July 2018. She created her own visual vocabulary that played with bold The Artists International Association leads artists’ opposition to a rise of fascism in Britain. Charles Ratton was one of the main 'tribal art' dealers in Paris in the 1920s and 1930s. Surrealism is an avant-garde art movement that developed in Europe during the 1920s. Feb 20, 2023 · There was a surge of surrealist filmmaking in the 1920s and 1930s. Curator Chris Stephens explores the 1930s. Created by Tate. His early paintings, including Vegetable Garden With Donkey (1918) and The Farm (1921-22), are earthy depictions of the Catalan landscape, demonstrating a sensitivity toward nature. Instead, the movement’s followers explored the irrational and the subconscious mind, which they deemed superior to oppressive With reference to TWO surrealist films, evaluate the relation between surrealist cinema (of the 1920s and 1930s) and the filmic norms of the period. Oct 19, 2018 · Sotheby’s 20th Century / Middle East sale on 23 October features several works from the surrealist Art and Liberty Movement, founded in Cairo in the 1930s. In the late 1960s Liverpool Museum purchased a variety L’E­toile de Mer (1928): L’E­toile de Mer (“The Sea Star”) was a col­lab­o­ra­tion between Man Ray and the sur­re­al­ist poet Robert Desnos. Artists such as Claude Cahun continued to produce work in a similar, if not identical, vein well into the 1940s. Sammlung Scharf-Gerstenberg. 403. Greta Knutson (1899–1983), Swedish artist and writer who pursued surrealism while married to Tristan Tzara in the 1930s. Nov 11, 2023 · 40 Impressive Posters Designed by Paul Colin in the 1920s and ’30s. May 16, 2019 · Exhibition Features Works by Salvador Dalí, Max Ernst, René Magritte, Joan Miró, Pablo Picasso, Dorothea Tanning, and Others. Surrealism, which he described as, 'pure psychic automatism' was intended as a revolutionary movement Oct 13, 2016 · Surreal Objectivity. Man Ray similarly continued to work in photography, often capturing significant members of the art world in unusual Apr 17, 2024 · Surrealism (1920s – 1930s) Search this Guide Search. The couple married in 1929 and spent the late 1920s and early 1930s travelling in Mexico and the United States together. One of the most important and subversive movements of the 20th century, it flourished particularly in the 1920s and 1930s and provided a radical alternative to the rational and formal qualities of Cubism. November 11, 2023 1920s, 1930s, cards & postcards, illustration, work of art. 4 ) of 1929, Picasso’s figure recounts the classical pose of a standing nude with her arms upraised, but her body is swollen and monstrously rearranged. Cambridge, MA. Through 79 objects These are just a few of the familiar images that come to mind when we speak of Surrealism. It fea­tures Kiki de Mont­par­nasse (Alice Prin) and André de la Riv­ière. Feb 16, 2008 · Surrealism, the great revolutionary movement originating in France in the 1920s, was to change the course of Australian art in the 1940s. The contents of Surrealist exhibitions were typically eclectic and included Jul 4, 2017 · Courtesy of White Cube. Nov 21, 2011 · A Belgian surrealist painter, Rene Magritte’s witty and thought-provoking paintings sought to have viewers question their perceptions of reality, and become hypersensitive to the world around them. For the artists, the mind or human psychology, could be a source of artistic inspiration. Its founder was the French writer André Breton, a Dadaist and devotee of Sigmund Freud’s work with psychoanalysis. Charles Cramer and Dr. Pendentif Quatre libellules (1903 – 1905) Victoire (1928) Statuette Côte d’Azur (1929) One of the Art Deco names that are considered to be synonymous with the entire movement is René Lalique. Overview. Surrealism became a cultural movement, starting in the early 1920s, depicting the difference between dreams and reality. In 1929, when several young Japanese artists, including Abe Kongo, Tõgõ Seiji, and Koga. Influenced by de Chirico’s paintings between 1910 and 1920, Magritte painted erotically explicit objects juxtaposed in dreamlike surroundings. Learn more with this tour of our internationally renowned collection of Surrealist art. Collection of Roger Conover. Oppenheim’s involvement with the surrealist movement was curbed at the conclusion of the second world war. Surrealism, and its emphasis on the human psyche, developed in Europe in the mid-1920s and many Surrealist paintings were shown in New York galleries by the 1930s. An idea of the political views of Egyptian Surrealists can be derived from the Mağdī Wahba’s description of a visit to Georges Hénein in 1942. During the 1920s and 1930s, Salvador Dali and René Magritte … Surrealism delved into the psychic mechanisms of human thought and several artists were caught up in this intriguing art movement. Best Answer. This week, we delve into the 1938 Exposition Internationale du Surréalisme. e. Feb 28, 2024 · Exhibitions around the world are celebrating the art movement’s centennial and asking whether our crazy dreams can still set us free. Surrealism is a type of art that opposes reality and looks very bizarre and almost dreamlike. Culture Trip takes a look at some of the most important artworks from these two defining eras. Women have always played a role in the Surrealist movement—but for the most part, as objects of masculine desire and fantasy. There is no such thing as "surreal objectivity" – or is there? Based on works from the Nationalgalerie's rich collection of paintings from the period between the two World Wars, the exhibition takes a fresh look Surreal Scene (1930) comments on several incarnations of the Surrealist object, illuminating Loy’s thoughts about this form. Nov 21, 2011 · Order Oil Paintingreproduction. However, its legacy and influence on further generations of artists is undeniable. By the 1930s, with Surrealism embraced by painters worldwide, the movement became a way to redefine ordinary objects into informal organization or meaning, bringing a feeling of alienation, a common position in the modern world. Toward the end of the 1920s, Picasso drew on Surrealist imagery and techniques to make pictures of morphed and distorted figures. Other photographers used techniques such as rotation or distortion to render their images uncanny. Unlike Dada, from which in many ways it sprang, it emphasized the positive rather than the nihilistic. This groundbreaking and exhilarating book will transform our understanding of Surrealism and will be of immense value to anyone interested in questions around art and science. Modern (Modern Two) From Sat 1 Jul 2017 - Sun 29 Oct 2017. But the big fights were with opponents of Surrealism, and, on occasion, with their Parisian colleagues. NEW YORK, September 17, 2013—Magritte: The Mystery of the Ordinary, 1926 Feb 23, 2022 · Lecomte ‘retired’ from Surrealism in the 1920s and Goemans did the same in the 1930s. Surrealism did continue to exist in Europe after the war but largely in the hands of the artists who had pioneered it in the 1920s and 1930s. In 1926, Nougé wrote to French Surrealist poet Louis Aragon that he disgusted him, to which Aragon responded calling him an ‘emmerdeur’ - roughly The Communist ideas were revived in the first half of the 1930s, mainly by the Jews and the Copts. Apr 5, 2024 · Vogue unpacks 1930s fashion, from the decade’s prevailing trends to the era’s top designers. 4. British artist who created a number of surrealist collages, paintings and objects; best remembered for his promotion of surrealism in Britain, notably the International Surrealist Exhibition (1936) in London. THE 331x - Theatre History & Dramatic Literature I, II, & III. True to Life | British Realist Painting in the 1920s and 1930s. Sep 27, 2020 · Surrealism was originally Paris based. Kim Grant. The whole experience was greatly enhanced when silent movies gave way to talkies in the 20s, and color films arrived in the 30s. uk. The art of the prior decades was for the most part, intrinsically realistic, both impressionism and expressionism movements were defined by faded edges and blotchy Surrealist Exhibitions. 10. Sep 26, 2023 · Wiki User. Read on to discover more about this revolutionary movement and the artists who were part of it. One of the most important and subversive movements of the twentieth century, Surrealism flourished particularly in the 1920s and 1930s and provided a radical alternative to the rational and formal qualities of Cubism. Immaculate, highly detailed and luminously beautiful. The art is exceptionally visual and painted with photographic precision in unexpected situations. ” In the late 1920s and early 1930s, various forms of Surrealism in Japan both celebrated and interrogated modern technologies, science, and reason in order to question the meaning of art, conventional ways of thinking, and cultural norms. Surrealist Art and Thought in the 1930s is a rigorously written and highly academic book, which redirects attention from a principally psychoanalytical approach to understanding Surrealism Oct 14, 2023 · List of the Most Famous Surrealism Paintings. They create compositions that reject rationality and conscious thought through practices such as automatic drawing (drawing without thinking). He experimented feverishly throughout his career with different media—painting, pastel, printmaking, sculpture, ceramics, collage, muralism, and tapestry—and unconventional materials The first expressions of Surrealism took place in the early 1920s not in painting or cinema but in the poetry of André Breton, Paul Eluard, Philip Soupault, and Louis Aragon, all of whom explored automatic writing (writing in an almost hypnotic state, without the filtering of traditional poetic forms, morality, or rational meaning). 1898. The poet André Breton instigated this new avant-garde movement, publishing the first Surrealist Manifesto in Paris in 1924. His experiments with photography led him to the Surrealist movement, and he contributed to the three major Surrealist journals in the 1920s and 1930s. In Nude Standing by the Sea ( 1996. Features work by Salvador Dalí, Max Ernst, René Magritte, Joan Miró, Pablo Picasso, Dorothea Tanning, and others. Women Surrealists. André Breton decided (along with the Dadaists) that rational thought was at fault for the world’s problems and that change could only come . • Hans Bellmer (1902-75) Polish-born artist best known for his exceptional erotic drawings and graphics. Liberty: The Egyptian Surrealists (1938-1965) that will open in Sharjah before travelling to Cairo. A Belgian surrealist painter, Rene Magritte’s witty and thought-provoking paintings sought to have viewers question their perceptions of reality, and become hypersensitive to the world around them. 13. Surrealism is a cultural and artistic movement that originated in the 1920s and 1930s as a reaction to the traumas of World War I and the disillusionment with modern civilization. The group transformed the art exhibition from a traditional display of artworks into a staged venue intended to provoke new ideas and experiences. Dec 6, 2023 · 1920 was a turning point in the art world, with new styles and movements emerging. Surrealists were fascinated by dreams, desire, magic, sexuality, and the revolutionary power of artworks to transform how we understand the world. Its influence spread through a number of journals and international exhibitions, the most important examples of the latter being the International Surrealist Exhibition at the New Burlington Galleries, London and the Fantastic Art Dada, Surrealism at the Museum of Modern Art, New York, both held in 1936. Let’s look closer at some of the most Transcript. This type of art became popular in the 1920s and 1930s, and one Featuring works by Salvador Dalí, Luis Buñuel, Max Ernst, René Magritte, Joan Miró, Pablo Picasso, Dorothea Tanning, and more, this exhibition explored the Surrealists’ portrayals of monsters, fragmented bodies, and other depictions of the grotesque as metaphors for the destabilizing consequences of war and psychological fears and fantasies of unbridled power. An author, artist and provocateur, Salvador Dalí was one of the most notable figures of the Surrealist movement. NASHVILLE, Tenn. Related to Dada cinema, Surrealist cinema is characterized Jul 1, 2011 · Surrealist Theory was based on a simplistic understanding of the writings of Sigmund Freud recrafted for the use of poets and visual artists. 1. Surrealism is an art and cultural movement that developed in Europe in the aftermath of World War I in which artists aimed to allow the unconscious mind to express itself, often resulting in the depiction of illogical or dreamlike scenes and ideas. Jul 18, 2022 · The paintings in this exhibition come from the early 1920s. September 28, 2013–January 12, 2014 . May 27, 2022 · Many of the painters based their work on political ideals or struggles and revolutionary politics. It makes use of symbolic, dreamy imagery and nontraditional narrative devices. “Under this mask, another mask,” the artist famously Surrealism: European Origins. He pushed the boundaries of each medium he used, inventing techniques that revolutionized photography, film, and painting. They proposed “an even higher form of Surrealism—a new Surrealism which is Scientific Surrealism. French professional artist, scenographer, graphic designer and theatre painter Paul Colin (1892–1985) born in Nancy, France, died in Nogent-sur-Marne. Surrealist ideas were influenced by the rising popularity of psychoanalysis in the 1920s and 1930s and informed by the ideas of Sigmund Freud. a course guide for THE 3311, THE 3312, and THE 3313. Starting with the birth of the movement in Europe in the 1920s, the course introduces the key techniques and processes used by the Surrealists, its arrival in Australia in the 1930s and the ways that it continues to be referenced by artists, film-makers and advertisers working today. - Christopher Wood, Zebra and Parachute, 1930. The art movement, which blossomed in the 1920s with André Breton at the helm, rejected the society’s oppressive rationality. Hénein led a fierce dispute with Salāma Mūsā, Ramsīs Yūnān, and Albert Cossery. A generation of Australian artists including James Gleeson, Sidney Nolan, Albert Tucker, Arthur Boyd and Max Dupain encountered Surrealism at a formative time in their careers, and its influence transformed their art forever. Dada and Surrealist Film. Social Realists created figurative and realistic images A Spanish artist and sculptor, Miró participated in the Surrealist Movement during the 1920s. This exhibition has now ended! About. The movement was based on liberating the artist's imagination of their subconscious. In 1924 he published Jul 15, 2021 · The artwork reflects the Surrealism style through improbable and dreamlike elements. Émigré artists had created Post-Impressionism, Cubism, and Fauvism in Paris before World War I, and included Pablo Picasso, Marc Chagall, Amedeo Modigliani, and Dec 6, 2023 · Surrealism was the first modern art movement to make the creation and design of exhibitions a major focus of its activity. Aug 23, 2020 · The Surrealists sought to harness the creativity of the unconscious mind. During this period, she worked with famed Surrealist artists and created some of her most unique and inspired garments (Calahan and Zachary). Magritte: The Mystery of the Ordinary, 1926–1938 . Surrealism was the first modern art movement to make the creation and design of exhibitions a major focus of its activity. During this time, she developed her artistic style, drawing her main inspiration from Mexican folk culture, and painted mostly small self-portraits that mixed elements from pre-Columbian and Catholic beliefs. The artist’s self-portrait from 1928 epitomizes her attitude and style, as she stares defiantly at the camera in an outfit that looks neither conventionally masculine nor feminine. Employees of the Stedelijk Museum are busy placing the painting Guernica by Picasso, 1956; Herbert Behrens / Anefo, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons. 2016 to 23. Dec 14, 2023 · The 1920s and ’30s saw the emergence of a series of seminal new European art movements, including Art Deco, Cubism and Surrealism, among others. This video brought to you by Tate. t. In addition, the volume contains a useful An Austere Display Since the 1930s, surrealist art installations had sought to change the way viewers observed art. : MIT Press, 1996. The first Surrealism found international success in the 1930s, survived the Second World War and expired in the 1960s. This exhibition begins with paintings and collages Magritte created in Brussels in 1926 and 1927, in anticipation of and immediately following his solo exhibition at the Galerie Le Centaure—the exhibition that launched his career as Belgium’s leading, indeed only, Surrealist painter—and then follows him to Paris, where he lived from 1927 to 1930, to be closer to the movement’s center May 24, 2019 · The turn of the century also brought changes to the traditional painting style. Leonora Carrington was an English artist and writer who is famous for being the companion of artist Max Ernst and together, they led the movement in the late 1930s and early 1940s. Particularly in the 1930s and 1940s, many artists were swept into its orbit as increasing political upheaval and a second global war encouraged fears that human civilization was in a state of crisis and collapse. Learn more about the art featured in this video: - Leon Underwood, Totem to the Artist , 1925–30. 9. O'Keeffe, herself, was friends with Mexican painter Frida Kahlo, who some consider a Surrealist, famous for her tortured self-portraits after being devastatingly injured in a bus This painting is one of the first in the series of "alphabet paintings" or "word paintings" produced by Magritte in the course of his time in Paris from 1927 to 1930. Al Qasimi is currently planning a two volume publication on Egyptian Surrealism, the first volume of which will reflect the outcomes of the recent conference Oct 11, 2007 · Surrealism began in the 1920’s as an offshoot or extension of the Dada movement. May 16, 2019 · Monsters & Myths: Surrealism and War in the 1930s and 1940s. ∙ 7y ago. It is a style that tries to challenge reality by depicting a warped, irrational universe filled with surprising, bizarre features. Originally included in the issue of the journal Dada/Surrealism 15 (1986), this collection of critical essays covers a number of films and scenarios by members of the Dada and surrealist movements in the 1920s and 1930s. He organised surrealist exhibitions in his gallery and was instru-mental in the sale of the André Breton and Paul Elouard collection at the Hôtel Drouot in 1931. In 1927, the Belgian artist René Magritte (1898–1967) moved from Brussels to Paris and became a leading figure in the visual Surrealist movement. (May 16, 2019)—The Frist Art Museum presents Monsters & Myths: Surrealism and War in the 1930s and 1940s, an exhibition that explores the powerful and unsettling images created in response to the Definition, Artists, & Examples. (May 16, 2019)—The Frist Art Museum presents Monsters & Myths: Surrealism and War in the 1930s and 1940s, an exhibition that explores the powerful 1898. Founded in a 1924 manifesto by André Breton, Surrealism would come to be dominated by men like Max Ernst, Man Ray, René Magritte, and Salvador Dalí. Born in 1904 in Figueras, Catalonia, Dalí studied art in Madrid and Barcelona, where he demonstrated masterful painting skills and experimented with several artistic styles. Art Deco, Modern Art, Art Nouveau, Aestheticism. If the 1920s birthed a new Art Deco movement, the 1930s was the era of the neoclassical ARTIST’S BREAKTHROUGH SURREALIST YEARS WITH PIVOTAL WORKS FROM THE 1920s AND 1930s . The Surrealist movement of the 1920s and 1930s focused on literature, painting, photography and the object, and the Surrealists’ publishing activities provided only hints of what a fully conceived Surrealist graphic design or typography might look like. Some of the most famous artists from this period include Pablo Picasso, Salvador Dali, and Georgia O’Keeffe. By 1923, the artist's imagery had moved away from observed reality The War of Art - Deco, Cubism, Dadaism, and Surrealism of the 1920’s. By Dr. Many of the most suggestive early examples came from Czechoslovakia, where Surrealism Oct 19, 2018 · Sotheby’s 20th Century / Middle East sale on 23 October features several works from the surrealist Art and Liberty Movement, founded in Cairo in the 1930s. Though often pigeonholed as a Surrealist, the Catalan modernist Joan Miró considered his art to be free of any “ism. Explanation: Dec 19, 2012 · Kuenzli, Rudolf, ed. Surrealism and the object In the 1920s Surrealist technique had focused on the use of writing, drawing, collage and painting as techniques to reveal the subconscious mind. These works form a basis for establishing a new relationship between words and painting, thus disclosing the ambiguity of the connections between real objects, their image and Claude Cahun was a Surrealist photographer whose work explored gender identity and the subconscious mind. Jul 14, 2021 · It was in France, too, that one of the most influential movements of modern art was formed in the 1920s: Surrealism. The Surrealist art movement, which attempted to subvert accepted standards and investigate the subconscious, was a major inspiration for this kind of filmmaking. The 1920s were the years when Hollywood began to conquer the world: its films attracted crowds of cinema-goers in other western nations, and became the major source of public entertainment. Surrealism, as a cinematic context and even as a simple word, can spawn many definitions and is, in some respects, problematic to define. The Times. It focused on artistic expression through the exploration of the unconscious mind, drawing heavily on Sigmund Freud’s theories of psychoanalysis. Thereafter, surrealist ideas proliferated rapidly in Japan, and a wide range of. Fresh perspectives on the Egyptian Surrealists of the 1930s and 1940s - The National. The Surrealist movement used shocking, irrational, or absurd imagery and Freudian dream symbolism to challenge the traditional function of art to represent reality. Magritte’s mother was a suicidal woman, which led her husband, Magritte’s father, to lock her up in her room. Surrealism. Detail, Surreal Scene (1930). Portrait of Lili Elbe with a green feather fan, Gerda Wegener 1920, Public Domain Perhaps, the most significant subject for this exhibition appears in the galleries of women cast in the traditional art model roles (women “without makeup”) and yet interpretated from a female The context of modern physics also enables a new exploration of where Surrealism stood in larger scientific and philosophical debates of the 1920s and 1930s. 04. These artists pushed the boundaries of what was possible in art, and their work continues to inspire us today. André Breton in Paris in the 1920s. v. 2017. All of the major names are included here, including Miro, Dali, Kahlo, Ernst and Magritte, and the full list provides an excellent overview of the types of style and Mar 10, 2021 · One of the most important and subversive movements of the twentieth century, Surrealism flourished particularly in the 1920s and 1930s and provided a radical alternative to the rational and formal qualities of Cubism. Jacqueline Lamba (1910–1993), French painter, married (1934–1943) to André Breton. Leonora Carrington. Surrealism strove to be political, as a True to Life | British Realist Painting in the 1920s and 1930s. up dc py dn wm gv ou at mp et